Acne is the most common chronic skin condition during adolescence, characterized by painful, red, and inflamed bumps on the face, shoulders, back, and chest. Acne and pimples are the same thing.
It develops as a result of increased activity in the oil glands of the skin and the blockage of pores due to hormonal effects. This leads to the proliferation of a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) and the subsequent inflammation in the affected area. Acne is a significant and treatable condition that can have both physical and psychological impacts on individuals during their crucial adolescent development period. While it can resolve spontaneously after adolescence, it can leave permanent scars and recur. Permanent scars on the face can be a significant cosmetic concern for individuals, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis and treatment.
The treatment of acne is carried out by dermatologists. Due to its chronic nature, the treatment duration usually lasts several months. In addition to medical treatments, moisturizers and cleansers are used. Topical (cream) treatments include retinoids, antibiotics, and azelaic acid. Systemic treatment options may include antibiotics, systemic retinoids, and hormonal therapy. Treatment is individualized for each acne patient, with the most appropriate approach determined based on their specific condition.
Acne scars are permanent indentations typically seen on the face as a result of acne. Various treatment options are available, such as laser therapy, PRP (platelet-rich plasma), mesotherapy, dermapen, and chemical peels. The treatment of acne scars is personalized, and the most suitable approach is determined after evaluation at our clinic. Multiple treatment sessions may be required, and the treatment duration usually lasts several months. It's important to note that complete resolution of permanent scars may not always be possible.